Toothache: causes and how to help it

Toothache is considered one of the most unbearable. This is not surprising: usually the inflamed tissue swells quickly, and there is little space around it, which is why the nerves are compressed. But why does toothache occur and how to prevent it?

Causes of toothache

Usually pain in a tooth occurs due to inflammation of its tissues or injury.


Acute caries causes short-term pain in irritants – mainly cold or when eating food. With caries, due to the activity of bacteria, hard tissues are destroyed and the tooth becomes painfully sensitive.


This is inflammation of the nerve of the tooth (pulp). Acute pulpitis is accompanied by unbearable pain, which occurs on its own or under the influence of hot or cold, and does not go away for a long time after the irritant is eliminated.

An alarm bell indicating pulpitis is acute night pain that occurs for no reason.


If inflammation of the tooth nerve is not treated, the infection spreads into the surrounding tissue behind the root of the tooth and affects its ligament. In acute periodontitis, there is a feeling that the tooth has grown and there is pain when biting.


Abscesses around a tooth can cause not only pain, but also general symptoms of intoxication: headaches, fever, weakness.


In case of injury, acute pain occurs at the moment the tooth is damaged. In case of deep cracks or fractures of teeth, pain may continue continuously until pain relief is provided in dentistry.

What to do to prevent teeth pain?

To prevent toothache, you should engage in the prevention of dental diseases.

  • General prevention. Dental health is closely related to general health. Therefore, a balance between rest and work, proper nutrition, sleep hygiene, and giving up bad habits – smoking and drinking alcohol – will be important.
  • Daily hygiene. 90% of success in preventing toothache depends on the quality of daily oral hygiene. Proper and regular brushing of teeth, the use of brushes, single-tuft brushes, dental floss and a tongue scraper are the key to a healthy oral cavity.
  • Regular preventive examinations. Every 6 months you need to go to the dentist for a preventive examination and professional hygiene. Modern dentistry will help you maintain healthy teeth and take proper care of your oral cavity.